Cystic acne can be one of the most painful and difficult forms of acne to treat. These deep, inflamed blemishes can cause scarring and can linger for weeks, or even months. The good news is that there are steps you can take to reduce the frequency and severity of cystic acne breakouts. A comprehensive skincare routine is essential to keep cystic acne at bay. Here are some tips for a successful cystic acne skincare routine.
Step 1: Cleanse Your Skin Morning and Night
Cleansing your skin twice a day is the first step in any skincare routine. Use a gentle, non-comedogenic cleanser that is specifically designed for acne-prone skin. Avoid cleansers that contain fragrances, dyes, or other harsh ingredients that can irritate your skin. When you cleanse, use lukewarm water and avoid scrubbing too hard, which can dry out the skin and make breakouts worse. After cleansing, be sure to pat your skin dry with a soft towel.
Step 2: Apply a Treatment Product
After cleansing, it is important to apply a treatment product that contains active ingredients to help reduce breakouts. Look for products that contain benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or sulfur. These ingredients can help reduce inflammation and kill bacteria that can cause breakouts. Be sure to apply the treatment product to the entire face, not just the affected areas. And remember to follow the directions on the product carefully.
Step 3: Use a Hydrating Moisturizer
Even if you have oily skin, it is important to use a moisturizer to keep your skin hydrated and balanced. Choose a lightweight, oil-free moisturizer that is specifically designed for acne-prone skin. Look for ingredients like hyaluronic acid and glycerin, which can help hydrate the skin without clogging pores. And be sure to apply the moisturizer all over the face, including the areas around the eyes and mouth.
Step 4: Exfoliate Gently
Exfoliation can help remove dead skin cells that can clog pores and lead to breakouts. Look for a gentle exfoliating product that contains natural ingredients like jojoba beads or ground nut shells. Avoid harsh scrubs, as these can be too abrasive for acne-prone skin. When exfoliating, use light, circular motions and avoid scrubbing too hard. And be sure to rinse the exfoliant off with lukewarm water afterwards.
Step 5: Use a Clay Mask
Using a clay mask once or twice a week can help absorb excess oil and reduce inflammation. Look for a clay mask that contains kaolin or bentonite clay. Apply a thin layer to the skin and allow the mask to dry for 10-15 minutes. Then rinse the mask off with lukewarm water and pat your skin dry with a soft towel. Clay masks can help reduce inflammation and unclog pores, which can help reduce cystic acne breakouts.
Step 6: Wear Sunscreen
Applying sunscreen to your skin every day is essential to reduce the risk of sun damage and skin cancer. Look for a non-comedogenic sunscreen that is specifically designed for acne-prone skin. Choose one with broad-spectrum protection and an SPF of at least 30. Apply the sunscreen to all areas of exposed skin and be sure to reapply every two hours, or after swimming or sweating.
Step 7: Don’t Pick or Squeeze
It can be tempting to pick or squeeze at cystic acne breakouts, but this can lead to scarring and further inflammation. Instead, resist the urge to pick and allow the blemish to heal on its own. You can also apply a warm compress to the area several times a day to help reduce inflammation and speed up the healing process.
Step 8: Eat a Healthy Diet
Eating a healthy diet can help reduce the frequency and severity of cystic acne breakouts. Focus on eating a balanced diet that includes plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains. Avoid processed foods, sugary snacks, and fried foods, as these can increase inflammation and worsen breakouts. Drinking plenty of water can also help flush out toxins and keep the skin hydrated.
Step 9: See a Dermatologist
If you are struggling to control your cystic acne breakouts, it may be time to see a dermatologist. A dermatologist can diagnose the cause of your breakouts and recommend treatments to help reduce their frequency and severity. Treatments may include prescription topical medications, oral medications, or light and laser treatments. With the right treatment plan, you can get your cystic acne under control.
Cystic acne can be a difficult form of acne to treat. A comprehensive skincare routine is essential to keep cystic acne at bay. Be sure to cleanse your skin twice a day, apply a treatment product, use a hydrating moisturizer, exfoliate gently, use a clay mask, wear sunscreen, avoid picking or squeezing, eat a healthy diet, and see a dermatologist for further help. With the right skincare routine, you can keep cystic acne breakouts at bay.